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PALS 1 & 2 

PALS 1 & 2 

What is PALS ?
The PALS 1 & 2  programs within the Rainbow Program are literature based curriculums using the books How to Be a Friend by Laurie Krasny Brown and Marc Brown (PALS 1 - grades TK, K & 1st) and The Care and Keeping of Friends by the American Girl Library (PALS 2 - grades 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th). The PALS program supports children in learning the following skills: Empathy, Respecting Differences, Joining in Groups, Bystander Power, Emotion Management, and Leadership.The children meet in groups of 2-4 students for 45 minutes for a period of 10-12 weeks.  During this time, the children work through the PALS curriculum and have free-choice play time after the lessons to work, in a small setting, on the newly acquired skills. 
How does the paraprofessional interact with the students ?
The paraprofessional guides the students through lessons and then allows non-directed, free-choice playtime. During free-choice play, the paraprofessional can help support the children while they are playing by reinforcing lesson skills. The paraprofessional is also trained in reflective, non-directive play techniques that allow the children to take control of their play which assists them in working through feelings and emotions while building self-esteem and confidence. This also supports the children in applying the newly acquired skills on their own without direct adult intervention as they process their own actions and words. During the session, the paraprofessional may play with the children or may just observe the children’s play - this is determined by the children in the session.
Does the paraprofessional provide direct counseling or therapy?
Please note that the Rainbow Program does not provide therapy or counseling nor does the paraprofessional directly engage in dialogue related to events that happened outside the Rainbow Room. This requires a more direct service or support.
Who can benefit from PALS?

While the program is geared toward supporting children struggling with friendship skills, most children can benefit from the small group interactions with peers and from adult attention.